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Species Distribution - Mammal
   Kowloon Hills area
    Site Description

The site encompasses a large area in Kam Shan Country Park and a smaller area in the neighbouring Lion Rock Country Pary. It includes the water catchments of the Kowloon Reservoirs and the northern slope of Beacon Hill. From the dam to Golden Hill Road, the forests are secondary tropical monsoon forests, predominantly broadleaved evergreen, but with scattered conifers as well. Picnic sites can be found along Golden Hill Road.

    Site Protection

The site is within Kam Shan and Lion Rock Country Parks.


Kowloon Motor Bus:

72      Cheung Sha Wan - Tai Wo Estate (Tai Po)

81      Jordan (To Wah Rood) - Wo Che Estate (Shatin)

86B   Mei Foo - Hin Keng Estate (Tai Wai)

Disembark at Shek Lei Pui Reservoir stop and walk for about 5 minutes to the Golden Hill Road.

    Survey method

The survey method was by head count and photographic record. In the field surveys, the number of monkeys in a natural troop was counted while walking slowly along forest trails.  Surveys were conducted from 07:00 to 11:00 and from 15:00 to 18:00 and efforts were made to ensure that the counting of all monkey troops was undertaken at least once per month. The surveys focused on 4 age classes of monkeys, i.e. adult, sub-adult, juvenile and infant. During birth seasons, the number of new-born babies was also counted. Surveys were usually carried out on sunny/fine and windless days between 09:00 and 15:00. All the macaques observed along the trails were identified visually with the aid of a pair of close-focus binoculars, to species level, following Wong (2001).

    Tips and Code
  1. Appreciate the behaviours of macaques and their foraging skill.

  2. Observe the differences in body shape and fur colour in different seasons of a year.

  3. Pay attention to their group activities such as grooming.

  4. Observe how mother macaques take care of their babies.

  5. Appreciate the relationship of macaques and their environment, and understand their role in a forest habitat.

  6. Don't feed macaques. They can obtain food from the forest.

  7. Don't throw food or objects at macaques.

  8. Don't disturb or tease macaques. They may attack you.

  9. Don't approach macaques. Keep children away from them, especially baby macaques.

  10. Don't make loud noises as this will confuse macaques.

Please be reminded that the ban on feeding monkeys under the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance Cap. 170 has been in force since 1999, and is applicable to Lion Rock, Kam Shan and Shing Mun Country Parks, part of Tai Mo Shan Country Park, Tai Po Kau Nature Reserve, and some of the adjacent areas where wild monkeys can be found.

Map and species list provided are for reference only.