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Species Distribution - Mammal
   Mai Po Nature Reserve
    Site Description

The site is located in Hong Kong's northwestern New Territorries, in a natural shallow estuarine area with extensive inter-tidal mudflats, mangroves, gei wai (tidal shrimp ponds) and fishponds.

    Site Protection

Listed as Restricted Area under the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance in 1975.


Kowloon Motor Bus:

76K   Wah Ming Estate (Fanling) - Long Ping Estate (Yuen Long)

Disembark at Mai Po stop and walk for about 20 minutes to the WWF Mai Po Visitor Centre.

Red Minibus:

17     Sheung Shui (San Fat Street) - Yuen Long (Shui Che Kwun Street)

Disembark at Mai Po Village and walk for about 20 minutes to the WWF Mai Po Visitor Centre.

***Inaccessible to non-permit holders.

    Survey method

Camera Trap Survey. Large mammals with body length exceeding 25 cm were surveyed using camera traps.  Passive infrared camera traps, which allow photographs of wildlife to be taken automatically whenever a "warm" animal crosses in front of the infrared sensor, are attached individually to tree trunks at about 1.5-2.5 m above the ground.  Memory card and batteries are replaced regularly for each camera, depending on the abundance of the local wildlife.

Small Mammal Trap Survey. Trapping is the ideal method to study small mammals. As species tend to resemble each other, it is necessary to differentiate species by close investigation.  Foldable box traps were deployed, and six to ten traps were placed at each site, at least 10 m apart. Traps were baited with sweet potato and peanut butter, placed at selected sites, and checked in the early morning of the following day.

Mist net survey. Mist nets are effective capture devices for bats. Mist nets are made of microfilaments or nylon and were set up at dusk and checked every 20 minutes to remove captured bats.

Bat Boxes. Wooden bat boxes were installed in the nature reserve as artificial roosting sites for bats, especially for Pipistrellus abramus.

All photographed or captured animals are identified to species level following Shek (2006).

    Tips and Code

1. Do not feed animals.

2. Do not arouse the attention of animals.

3. Do not disturb animals on purpose.

4. Do not wear brightly coloured clothing.

5. Do not damage or destroy vegetation, wildlife or the living environment.

Map and species list provided are for reference only.